In this commentary, the authors describe ethical problems arising from big data interventions in HIV surveillance and suggest some potential pathways for reform.
Toni-Michelle Williams, the executive director of the Solutions Not Punishment Collaborative (SNaP Co.), a Black trans- and queer-led organization working to build safety, leadership and political power, explores alternatives to the historically violent and biased U.S. policing system—including restorative and transformative justice models.
What is the Consensus Statement on HIV “Treatment as Prevention” in Criminal Law Reform?
The Consensus Statement is a collaborative document that grew out of the recognition of a need for guidance on how the science of HIV treatment and prevention tools relates to the reform of HIV criminal laws.
What It’s Like to Be HIV Positive in the Military
Soldiers can be prosecuted for having sex, latest medications aren’t widely available – are the armed forces living in the 1980s when it comes to AIDS?
Science vs. Stigma: The Continued Criminalization of HIV
This article explores how state laws criminalizing potentially exposing someone to HIV have not kept pace with the science.
Enforcement of HIV Criminalization in Tennessee
Williams Institute analysis of data from the state of Tennessee about individuals who were convicted of an HIV crime and placed on the state’s sex offender registry (SOR). In addition to the registry data, the report also analyses detailed data from 77 case files of those on Tennessee’s SOR who resided and were prosecuted in Shelby County, home of Memphis.
Sexual Behavior, Stigma, Perceived Hostility, Comfort With Disclosure and New Jersey’s HIV Exposure Law
Findings from this study indicate that the law may have minimal impact on the disclosure behavior of people with HIV, and is not an effective structural HIV prevention intervention. The researchers posit that internalized normative values likely guide disclosure, irrespective of the law. As a result, the authors argue that interventions designed “to increase comfort with seropositive status disclosure may be a better way to achieve the desired behaviors.
Evaluating The Impact of Criminal Laws On HIV Risk Behavior
This article reports on the characteristics and prevalence of HIV-specific criminal exposure and transmission laws, and the enforcement of those laws through prosecutions during the period 1986-2001. It also examines the possible mechanisms through which criminal law influences behavior and considers how these might apply to the specific laws described.
Beyond criminalization: reconsidering HIV criminalization in an era of reform
This paper reviews recent studies examining the application of HIV-specific criminal laws in North America (particularly the United States and Canada). In the wake of the development of new biomedical prevention strategies, many states in the United States (US) have recently begun to reform or repeal their HIV-specific laws. These findings can help inform efforts to ‘modernize’ HIV laws (or, to revise in ways that reflect recent scientific advances in HIV treatment and prevention).
True Not Crime Story
Series of 4 videos from criminalisation survivors sharing their story to help others avoid their unfair experiences with the criminal justice system and HIV stigma. The videos are meant as a reminder of why these harmful HIV laws that still exist in over 30 states need to be modernised.