UNAIDS factsheet explaining how twenty years of evidence demonstrate that HIV treatment is highly effective in reducing the transmission of HIV. People living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy who have an undetectable level of HIV in their blood have a negligible risk of transmitting HIV sexually.
Highlights significant findings about Californian criminal law including that more than 800 people have come in contact with California’s criminal system based on their HIV status, with 93% of convictions requiring no proof of conduct likely to transmit HIV. Also finds HIV criminal statutes are disparately enforced based on race/ethnicity, sexuality and gender.
This 2013 factsheet produced by the Center for HIV Law and Policy, the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives and the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys provides current factual information about the HIV transmission risks law enforcement professionals may face in the line of duty (aiming to address the frequent overstating of risk). States there is no known case of a law enforcement officer being infected in the line of duty through spitting or biting.
This factsheet from the Center for HIV & Law Policy, published in 2017, outlines HIV transmission risk (based on “HIV Medicine and Science: Transmission Considerations”).
Factsheet by the Center for HIV Law and Policy outlining key points about HIV criminalisation in the U.S.
Explains common questions about HIV criminalisation laws in the UK.
This Q&A document provides an overview of the answers to commonly asked questions regarding the October 2012 Supreme Court of Canada decision around HIV disclosure.
Outlines what people with HIV should do if they are concerned they may be or they are being investigated by police.
Explains the criminal law in Canada, including what the law is, basic principles of the law, and the hierarchy of the courts (in HIV Disclosure and the Law: A Resource Kit for Service Providers).
This guide developed by The Center for HIV Law and Policy and National Center for Lesbian Rights in 2015 outlines the basics of HIV criminalization, medical facts, how criminalization exacerbates stigma, issues with HIV laws, and how people can advocate for change. Includes useful links.