Initiating Policy & Law Reform

Making laws

Law reform can be a complex process. The following resources explain how laws are developed and implemented to enable advocates to effectively target their efforts.

U. S. Politician, Barbara Lee, discussing H.R. 3053, the Repeal HIV Discrimination Act.

Barbara Lee, U.S. Congressman and member of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, discusses HIV criminalization and introduction of the Repeal HIV Discrimination Act, which would require states to review their HIV criminalization statutes with incentives to modernize their laws, reflecting contemporary science.

Criminalising Contagion – Legislative epidemics: the role of model law in the transnational trend to criminalise HIV transmission

Explains how an epidemic of HIV criminalisation laws spread across the West and Central Africa regions enabled by model laws (the N’Djamena Model Law) drafted by USAID.

Malawi MPs use SADC Model Law on HIV to fight bad parts of HIV Bill

After nearly 10 years of intense debate and consultations, Malawi Members of Parliament voted to reject controversial provisions in their HIV (Prevention and Management) Bill. The Bill had included provisions that would have made HIV testing and treatment mandatory for specific people in a discriminating manner. Additionally, and perhaps more controversially, the Bill had sought, also, to allow criminalisation of HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure. This newsletter captures part of the debates leading to the passing of the final Bill.