The purpose of this guide is to help advocates who want to use research in their activism. It is not a guide about how to conduct original research. Instead, it focuses on how to find, read and interpret research on HIV criminalisation, giving examples of how advocates have successfully used research to challenge HIV criminalisation.
Ground-breaking research from the Human Dignity Trust offering a step-by-step analysis of how the reform of discriminatory sexual offence laws has been achieved and identifying how it can be replicated. Countains a series of reports investigating in detail how countries in four regions of the world have recently reformed outdated and discriminatory sexual offences laws.
Talking points to help activists advocating against Nevada’s HIV Criminal Laws.
HPV Talking points published by the HIV Modernization Movement-Indiana to support advocacy against bill attempting to add HPV to outdated HIV or STD criminal laws (other than the specific epi/medical/testing facts unique to HPV, many of these talking points would apply to attempts to add any additional communicable diseases to these criminal laws).
Findings from an external evaluation of the impacts and legacy of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law. It explores the fulfilment of the Commission’s objectives, taking into account the perspectives and experiences of representatives from government, including law and policy makers, civil society including those most marginalised and affected by HIV, as well as United Nations agencies and other development partners.
Interim scoping report that explores the impact of the Expert Consensus Statement in the two years since its publication.
In this special report published in ‘Mujeres Adelante @ AIDS 2014’, Felicita Hikuam of ARASA describes the highlights of this International AIDS Conference pre-conference (held on Sunday, 20 July 2014 in Melbourne, Australia) which focused on working to end the overly broad criminalisation of HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission.
Report on the Study of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. The report presents the current state of the HIV epidemic in Africa through a human rights and gender lens by showing the populations and locations most affected by HIV and those underserved by the response to the epidemic. It also describes the global, regional and national norms and standards relating to HIV and health, as well as their interpretation and application by African regional mechanisms, United Nations (UN) bodies and national courts and institutions. It further provides a detailed analysis of the key human rights challenges affecting the response to HIV on the continent.
On 17 July 2016, approximately 150 advocates, activists, researchers, and community leaders met in Durban, South Africa, for Beyond Blame: Challenging HIV Criminalisation – a full-day pre-conference meeting preceding the 21st International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016) to discuss progress on the global effort to combat the unjust use of the criminal law against people living with HIV. Attendees at the convening hailed from at least 36 countries on six continents (Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America). This report presents an overview of key highlights and takeaways from the convening grouped by the following recurring themes: Key Strategies Advocacy Tools Partnerships and Collaborations Adopting an Intersectional Approach Avoiding Pitfalls and Unintended Consequences.
Although North America is the continent with the most known prosecutions, 26 African countries have overly broad and/or vague HIV-specific criminal laws and another 3 are considering enacting similar laws. This analysis reviewed global efforts in five broad areas: building the global evidence base; generating persuasive social science; challenging new laws; advocating for law reform; and addressing legal processes and enforcement.
Working paper prepared for ‘HIV Prevention and the Criminal Law’ workshop, Toronto April 26-28, 2013. In order to better understand how advocates have used evidence to persuade policymakers and/or criminal justice system actors to repeal, reform and/or create improved outcomes for public health and/or human rights, leading advocates in four jurisdictions where such positive changes are taking place and/or have already occurred (Victoria, Australia; Denmark; England & Wales; and Iowa, United States) were asked to take part in a survey.
The Making Change Happen workshop brought together innovative activists and thinkers to reclaim advocacy and citizen participation as deep and ongoing processes of organizing, consciousness raising, political empowerment and social transformation to benefit the poor and marginalized. This report is structured around the key themes addressed during the meeting:
- Engagement in advocacy – When is a policy space strategic and when is it just window dressing?
- Issue-based struggle or struggle-based issue – Linking social transformation and policy advocacy
- Who’s who in advocacy – Identity, representation and legitimacy
- How to assess success – Evaluation for learning
This publication builds on existing global technical guidance in human rights responses, and further advances efforts to support implementers to design and deliver high quality human rights programmes that are well integrated, sustainable, and at scale. The guidance is practical and organised around the Investment Approach to HIV. It helps implementers to understand the programmatic components of evidence-informed and quality interventions to remove barriers to services.
Provides a progress report of achievements and challenges in global advocacy against HIV criminalisation from 1st October 2015 to 31st December 2018.
Provides a progress report of achievements and challenges in global advocacy against HIV criminalisation from April 2013 to 30 September 2015.
Provides a progress report of achievements and challenges in global advocacy against HIV criminalisation during the 18 month period, September 2011 to March 2013.
Records discussions of legal experts and other stakeholders at a UNAIDS/UNDP meeting convened in the context of renewed calls for the use of criminal law to HIV sexual transmission. Discussions aimed to inform a UNAIDS/UNDP policy brief.
Describes the work of the 2006 WHO technical consultation on the criminalization of HIV exposure and transmission, involving participants from all over Europe. Concludes that criminalization of HIV/STI transmission or exposure should be a last resort and only undertaken in a manner consistent with human rights conventions and laws. Argues that criminalization represents a failure of prevention efforts, with greater efforts required to overcome stigma and discrimination that undermine prevention.
Suggests that, while important, rights-based arguments are an insufficient basis for advocacy, with legal scholarship and research having an important role to play. Argues that policy-makers, legislators and those responsible for interpretation and enforcement of law must base their HIV response not on populist morality but on the strong evidence base provided by three decades of clinical, scientific and social research.
Outlines discussions at a community consultative meeting on HIV criminalisation attended by members of civil society from a range of countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The meeting considered different perspectives on criminalisation, aiming to reach consensus on what constitutes an appropriate and effective response to harmful HIV-related behaviour.
Provides first-hand account of advocacy to reform Victoria’s (Australia) Crimes Act.
Divided into two sections, section two is an advocacy kit (pages 14-19). Includes possible actions to enable the development of better laws and policies, and improved practices on the part of the agencies enforcing existing laws.
Outlines the impact of the criminalization of HIV on women, and sets research and advocacy priorities to inform policy and practice.
Explores key themes from the first international meeting focused on strengthening new empirical research on criminalization. Offers suggestions for future research on the public health implications of criminalizing HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission.
Series of 23 short videos on different aspects of criminalization of HIV non-disclosure in Canada. Topics include: What is criminalization of HIV disclosure?, What should I do if I’m charged?, Why don’t people with HIV always disclose?, and How does Canada’s strict legal stance affect those living with HIV?.
This short guide from The Center for HIV Law and Policy published in 2013 provides suggested actions to further advocacy against HIV criminalisation, with associated resources.
This guide developed by The Center for HIV Law and Policy and National Center for Lesbian Rights in 2015 outlines the basics of HIV criminalization, medical facts, how criminalization exacerbates stigma, issues with HIV laws, and how people can advocate for change. Includes useful links.
Includes highlights from the opening ceremony of the first-ever conference on HIV criminalization in the U.S. (HIV is Not a Crime) attended by more than 170 people from 27 states.
This blog post from the Center for HIV Law and Policy highlights a number of themes reflected by participants at the first HIV is Not a Crime training in Iowa, 2014.
Provides first-hand account of advocacy to reform Iowa’s HIV criminalization statute, Iowa Code 709C.
Supports advocates to effectively strategize about ending HIV criminalisation. The 30-minute video distils the content of the three-day training academy into four overarching themes: survivors, victories, intersectionality and community.