Initiating Policy & Law Reform

Making laws

Law reform can be a complex process. The following resources explain how laws are developed and implemented to enable advocates to effectively target their efforts.

The Legislative Process: A More Detailed Overview

Detailed information on how a bill becomes a law (pages 23-25 in Ending and Defending Against HIV Criminalization: A manual for advocates. Vol 3: This is how we win. A Toolkit for community Advocates).

U. S. Politician, Barbara Lee, discussing H.R. 3053, the Repeal HIV Discrimination Act.

Barbara Lee, U.S. Congressman and member of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law, discusses HIV criminalization and introduction of the Repeal HIV Discrimination Act, which would require states to review their HIV criminalization statutes with incentives to modernize their laws, reflecting contemporary science.

East Africa: Regional HIV Bill passed without criminalization clause

Describes the purpose of the East African Community HIV & AIDS Prevention and Management Bill, which offers an alternative to the N’Djamena Model Laws promoting HIV criminalization.

Criminalising Contagion – Legislative epidemics: the role of model law in the transnational trend to criminalise HIV transmission

Explains how an epidemic of HIV criminalisation laws spread across the West and Central Africa regions enabled by model laws (the N’Djamena Model Law) drafted by USAID.