Educating Judges

Judicial Resources

While there is no specific handbook for judges on criminalisation of HIV non-disclosure, exposure and transmission, there are numerous judicial resources framing HIV in a human rights context.

The Compendium of Judgments, HIV, Human Rights and the Law

Includes judgements from jurisdictions around the world, representing enabling jurisprudence on HIV-related issues, including judgements related to the criminalization of HIV transmission, exposure and non-disclosure.

Judging the epidemic: A judicial handbook on HIV, human rights and the law

Prepared as a resource to help judges, magistrates, arbitrators and other judicial officers throughout the world adjudicate cases involving HIV-related issues. Based on international legal and human rights standards, the handbook contains examples of decided cases from different jurisdictions, good-practice advice and judicial rulings on HIV-related issues.

Access to Justice for Healthcare Violations: A Guidance Note for Complaints Bodies

This Guidance Note aims to provide concrete recommendations to alternative complaints mechanisms on how to provide safe, accessible and effective remedies for vulnerable and key populations who experience health rights violations.

Alternative complaints mechanisms are, for the present purposes, understood as those processes identified to be able to receive and determine complaints relating to health care outside of formal court procedures. These include healthcare regulatory bodies, such as health professions councils and nursing councils; decentralised complaints processes, such as complaints processes within ministries of health or health facility-based complaints mechanisms; and national human rights commissions and ombudspersons.